The mixed waste materials can be composed of waste paper, solid waste, household waste, municipal solid waste, plastic garbage, waste glass, green waste, e-waste, and more. In order to guarantee a superior quality of the sorted material, the waste segregator machine has to adopt an efficient sorting system.
Garbage separation is the process that separates waste into different elements. Garbage separation or waste sorting can be done automatically in mechanical biological treatment systems or materials recovery facilities or can just be collected through curbside collection schemes after occurring manually at the household.
Waste is also divided into wet and dry waste through the segregation process. Dry waste includes glass, metals, and wood products. Wet waste includes organic waste that is heavy in weight due to its dampness and it is typically generated by eating establishments. Waste can be also segregated into the two categories of biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste.
Because the volume of waste is growing and less and less land is available to deposit it, landfills are becoming an increasingly pressing problem. For this reason, segregating waste is of economic concern as much as of environmental importance. You can learn more about this here: https://wastesortingmachine.com/.
Municipal garbage separation systems
Municipal garbage separation systems are used for waste recycling. The solid waste recycling systems are the final evolution of single stream recycling. A garbage separation system comes with particular designs for processing non-source separated waste into trash, recyclable commodities and organic material streams.
An automated sorting machine design should places its profitability ahead of recovery rates. In order to meet this criterion, large scale municipal solid waste processing plants should not be too costly to deploy, or too costly to operate. On top of coming with affordable costs, they also need to ensure producing a non-contaminated recyclable material product.
Both dry and wet municipal solid waste can be processed by a municipal garbage separation system. These systems are able to accommodate removal of most commodities. A municipal garbage separation system may concentrate on the sorting of mixed plastics, mixed paper, or ferrous and non-ferrous recyclable materials. The most profitable are those systems that come with a fines removal capability.
The efficiency of a municipal garbage separation depends on its automatic optical sorters and screening technologies. There is a sweet spot where the investment and operating clean reach maximum profitability and clean recyclables are collected.
Municipal solid waste recycling system designed by China Beston Machinery has currently reached a higher tech level that aim to meet the demands of all material processors. As the recycling industry evolves, it is expected that municipal sold waste recycling will soon replace single stream mixed recyclable processing.
Since effective sorting is a key factor in effective recycling, a wide range of sorting technologies is available on the market today. For enable the recovery of useful materials, it is essential to separate the different elements found in waste streams. This allows recyclable materials to be reused and ensures minimizing the amount of material sent to landfill.
A municipal solid waste separation equipment can be based on various separation technologies:
* Trommel separators/drum screens – This type of separators are able to sort materials based on their size. A large rotating drum that features perforated holes of a certain size is receiving the waste. Only those materials that are smaller than the diameter of the holes can drop through, while the larger particles are collected in the drum.
* Eddy current separator – this is a sorting method specifically used for the metals separation. When a changing magnetic field passed through a conductor, an “eddy current” occurs. This electromagnetic method helps dividing ferrous metals from the non-ferrous metals.
* Induction sorting – in this method the material is sent along a conveyor belt that features a series of sensors underneath.
* Near infrared sensors – these sensors use the way that different materials reflect light in order to distinguish between them.
* X-ray technology – with this technology, different types of waste are separated based on their density.
Sorting is certainly set to increase in the context of today’s recycling culture. Because not all companies are able to transport their waste, sometimes this sorting work needs to be done by Beston waste management treatment plant. For this purpose are used mobile sorting machines. In order to sort the increasingly diverse range of materials, another of the key features is the ability to sort a wide range of materials coming through.